Mongolia - Travel/Philately/Numismatics/Memorabilia Profile

Mongolia, a landlocked country in East and Central Asia bordered by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Russia has a total land area of 603,909 square miles and a population of aver 2.7 Million. It is a landlocked country that contains very little arable land. Gobi desert is in the rain shadow region of the Himalayas and its range-lands are very fragile. Agriculture and mining and processing of animal products (including cashmere and leather) are important sectors of its economy. Mongolia has rich mineral resources and mining prospects look good for copper, coal, gold, tin and tungsten.

Travel Resources: 

May through September is considered Tourist friendly with the peak coinciding with their major festival Naadam - three Mongolian traditional sports, archery, horse-racing and wrestling. Khoomei (or throat singing) style of music is very popular.  The major attractions of the place are the Orkhon Khurkhree, Yolin Am, and Khyatruuni Rashaan. Mongolian diet is heavy with plenty of animal fat, necessary for the Mongols to withstand the cold winters. Vegetables and spices are rarely used. Cooking with preheated stones is one of their unique cooking methods.


ResourceISBN or ASINBest PriceDescription
Lonely Planet Mongolia Country Guide978-1741045789$20A travelers introduction covering 60 pages followed by sections on Ulaanbaatar, Central Mongolia, Northern Mongolia, Eastern Mongolia, The Gobi, and the Western Mongolia.
Mongolia Travel Map by ITMB Publishing978-1553413325$111:2,500,000 Scale. Includes Inset map of the center of Ulaanbaatar and a name index.
Mongolia Grounded Adapter – GUBB001FD84CW$8

Philatelic Profile:

The first stamps of Mongolia were a set of seven stamps released in 1924 showing the Scepter of Indra. The set (Scott #1 to #7) catalogs for around $150 mint and around $100 used. This was followed by a set of eight ‘postage’ overprints on revenue stamps of a different Symbols of Government design. That set is more valuable and expensive cataloging for around $1500 mint and around half that for used. There is a variety with black overprint instead of violet that catalogs for slightly less. Several surcharge overprints on these two issues were the primary stamp issues of Mongolia until 1932.

Mongolia released a set of thirteen stamps released in 1932 showing local scenes. The set (Scott #62 to #74) catalogs for around $50 MNH and around $30 used. The designs show weaver at loom, telegrapher, Mongol at the Lathe, Government Building at Ulan Bator the capital, Young Mongolian Revolutionary, studying latin alphabet, Mongolian Soldier, Sukhe Bator, Monument to Sukhe Bator, sheep shearing, camel caravan, and chasing wild horses. Mongolia has very little arable land and is mostly covered by the Gobi Desert to the south and the steppes.

Other issues of Mongolia enjoying good philatelic interest include:
  1. A set of eight stamps released in 1943 showing local scenes. The set (Scott #75 to #82) catalogs for around $300 mint and around $275 used. The designs show Mongolian man, Mongolian woman, soldier, camel caravan, modern school, Arms of the Republic, Sukhe Bator, and pasture scene.
  2. A set of five stamps released in July 1958 showing fauna. The set (Scott #144 to #148) catalogs for around $30 mint and around $10 used. The designs show yak, pelicans, Siberian ibex, and camels. From the late 50s, Mongolia started issuing Cancelled-to-Order (CTO) stamps in large quantities. The stamps are generally not that valuable although there are exceptions. Copies used in the post have much higher valuation.
  3. A set of seven stamps released on July 11, 1971 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of modern transportation. The set (Scott #624 to #630) catalogs for around $4 MNH and around a dollar for used. The designs show seam locomotive, diesel locomotive, truck, automobile, biplane PO-2, AN-24 Plane, and fishing boat. The same set was reissued with a black overprint on July 15, 1975 to mark fifty years of communication. The set (Scott #850a-g) is sought after and catalogs for around $13 MNH or used.
  4. A set of four stamps released on May 1, 1990 to mar the 800th anniversary of the coronation of Genghis Khan. The set (Scott #1846 to #1849) is sought after and catalogs for around $25. They were overprints on the July 20, 1962 set (Scott #304 to #307) released in the Genghis Khan theme. That set is also valuable cataloging in the $30 range. The designs show Military Field Emblem, tablets with inscriptions, stone column, and Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongol Empire which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death. He was Khagan of the Mongol Empire from 1206 to 1227. 
Numismatic Profile:

The first coin of Mongolia was a People’s Republic Decimal Coinage (100 Mongo = 1 Tugrik) Copper Mongos issued in 1925. The design shows Soembo Arms in Obverse and Value within Wreath in Reverse and is valued at around $25 for UNC. Commemorative Gold Proofs were first issued in 1971 with the issue of a large gold coin to mark the 50th anniversary of the Revolution. It shows National Arms in Obverse and Man on Horse and Denomination in Reverse. Gold coins of Mongolia have low mintage and trade well above bullion value.

Numismatic items of Mongolia include:


ItemPrice RangeDescription
Coins$1 and upCommon UNCs from the 1950s onward start around $1. Euro Pattern Sets from 2005, World Cup Silver Proofs from 2006, etc start around $15. Low Mintage Silver Proofs from the 1970s onward starts around $50. Wonder Colored Sets, Gold Silver Recent Proofs, Sumo Colored Silver Sets, etc start in the $100 range. Graded Gold Proofs go well into the 100s and 1000s.
Paper Money$1 and upCommon UNCs start around $1. UNC Bundles start around $15. High Value Bundles start around $30. Rare Dates, Low Serial Numbers, etc go well into the 100s.


Collectible Memorabilia:


ResourcePrice RangeDescription
Antiques$25 and up19th century maps start around $25. Ordos Bronze Curios and Agate Beads from the 1st century period start around $100. Buddha Gold Plated Statues, Ordos Bronze Belt Buckles, Coral Headgears etc start in the 100s and go into the 1000s.
Miscellaneous Collectibles$3 and upFlags, patches, stickers, pin badges etc start around $3. People’s Revolution Anniversary Medals start around $30. Soviet Mongolia Order of the Polar Star Medals, Mongolia Warrior Broadswords, Order Medal of Combat Valor, etc start around $50 and go well into the 100s. Dinosaur fossil samples go into the 1000s.



Last Updated: 12/2015.

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